Buying a cargo truck is very simple. What should interest you after that is the care you will give it. For example, all engines need oil to function correctly. Oil is an essential element for your unit. Whether synthetic, semi-synthetic, or mineral, motor oil plays many roles.

Not only is it essential that you know how to choose the correct motor oil, but you must also know its purposes and benefits so that you do not exclude it again. That is why, in the following International Trucks article, we will share with you the help of this type of lubricant so that you can keep it in good condition.

What is motor oil for?

Engine oil performs many functions in allowing an engine to function correctly over time. Here are the most important ones:

  • Lubrication: The primary role of motor oil is to lubricate an engine’s moving parts constantly in friction. By reducing friction, wear is decreased.
  • Cooling: The energy lost through combustion and friction between mechanical parts causes the engine’s temperature to rise. The lubrication provided by the engine oil helps to partially address the heat through the lubrication circuit. It is the complement of the coolant, which can only cool certain parts of the engine.
  • Cleanliness: While less well known, the cleaning power of engine oil is critical. Microscopic dirt deposits build up on the engine and remain in suspension. This will cause the motor to clog and decrease its performance. The oil flow continuously carries these impurities to the oil filter, where they are trapped and therefore cannot cause harmful deposits on engine surfaces.
  • Corrosion protection: Combustion of fuel generates corrosive acid that can damage metal parts of the engine. With additives added to oils, corrosion slows down. However, over time and in contact with oxygen, engine oil can oxidize and cease to perform its decay inhibiting role. That is why the engine oil must be changed regularly.
  • Sealing: The oil also improves the engine’s sealing, being more specific, the sealing of pistons and cylinders. Thanks to this fluid, a protective layer is created between the various parts, sealing any free space that may exist.

For engine oil to serve all its purposes, you need to check its level and change it regularly. Used excess oil no longer plays its role, which is detrimental to the engine’s general condition and parts.

What are the main benefits of motor oil?

For cargo truck owners, the right motor oil avoids costly repairs in the first place. Without a lubricant, the engine would quickly suffer severe damage. Strictly speaking, this is what a quality motor oil delivers.

  • Ensures Longer Engine Life: By reducing friction between parts and cleaning the entire engine, the oil prevents clogging and damage. Mechanical parts last longer and corrode less. Therefore, the motor runs more efficiently, and its service life is increased.
  • You ensure the correct operation of the engine. An engine with the proper oil level performs better and represents a lower maintenance cost. Good lubrication is essential to avoid severe mechanical damage.
  • You reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. If the oil in an engine is used excessively, or if its level is too low, the resulting friction alters the engine’s energy efficiency, increasing fuel consumption. On the other hand, a high-performance oil also reduces polluting discharges into the atmosphere.

Choose the right motor oil to ensure optimum efficiency.

Not all truck motor oils are the same. It is essential to choose the lubricant that suits your vehicle and the local working and climatic conditions to enjoy all its benefits.

On the market, there are three types of motor oil :

  • Mineral motor oils
  • Semi-synthetic motor oils
  • Synthetic motor oils

Besides the type of oil, there are two key parameters to look for. One is the property of thickness and flow of motor oil, which is described as viscosity. Viscosity is expressed in two grades marked on the oil container.

These degrees indicate the fluidity of the oil depending on the temperature (high or low). Depending on the engine’s design, the oil should be more or less fluid or more or less viscous. To choose the right motor oil, consult your cargo truck‘s owner’s manual or get professional advice.

The second key parameter is the performance level of the oil as API, ILSAC, or ACEA. According to vehicle manufacturers’ demands, these performance levels classify lubricants according to their performance in service and change when new lubrication problems arise, according to vehicle manufacturers’ needs.

Now that you know more about motor oil don’t forget about it and change it regularly. Remember to check your filter status and its levels before starting a delivery or a long trip. If you follow these tips on preventative maintenance, you will see that your cargo truck will run smoothly.